Fenugreek stems from the family of the papilionaceous plants and is annual. The upright,
30 – 60 cm high stalk with trifoliolate leaves on the branches from the long, arachniform
tap root. The medium-sized, yellowish or yellowish-white papilionaceous plants sit stalkless
– individually or in twos – in the leaf axils. The blossoms are frequented by bees and bumblebees
— this is why fenugreek is regarded as a good grazing pasture for bees. The legume is 7 – 12 cm long
and 4 – 10 mm wide. It develops up to 20 flatly pressed seeds. These are anomalously rectangular
with a clearly offset rootlet, and are coloured green-brown, yellowish-brown to brownish-red
and very hard. The seed husk is sickle-shaped and reminiscent of the horns of a billy goat.
In the Mediterranean countries, fenugreek is found in a natural environment.
It is grown in many parts of Europe as a cultivated plant and forage crop. It is also
cultivated in North Africa, India, the Ukraine, China, Iran, Pakistan, Asia Minor and France.